22.11.04

Represión en Irán

El Comité para la Protección de los Periodistas (CPJ) denuncia la represión que las autoridades de Irán están ejerciendo contra los periodistas. Ocho reporteros, la mayoría con experiencia en Internet, han sido detenidos desde septiembre. Con la arbitrariedad que caracteriza al sistema legal iraní, a muchos ni siquiera se les han comunicado los cargos:

Shamsolvaezin said the government has announced no formal charges against any of the journalists. A judiciary spokesman, he said, made vague accusations that the detained journalists had acted against national interests and were guilty of violating public morals.

Since April 2000, Iranian authorities have shuttered dozens of mostly pro-reformist newspapers, causing many journalists and readers to turn to the Internet as the last venue for independent reporting. But this fall, the government turned its repressive gaze toward the Web.

Stop Censoring Us informa regularmente de la campaña del Gobierno iraní contra la expresión de ideas y noticias a través de Internet.

Los Gobiernos que atacan la libertad de expresión no suelen reconocer límites a su obsesión ni admiten puntos de vista diferentes, tampoco cuando la discrepancia se limita a la geografía. Irán ha prohibido la venta de la revista National Geographic (y la entrada en el país de periodistas de la publicación) por llamar en un atlas "Arabian Gulf" a lo que en español conocemos como el Golfo Pérsico:

The Iranian culture ministry's head of foreign press affairs, Mohammad Hossein Khoshvaght, said the ban would stay in place until National Geographic "corrects its error".

"We have asked the foreign ministry to make a complaint. We will not accept the use of the false term 'Arabian Gulf', which is contrary to United Nations documents. We will act against any media using this term," he warned.

No es cierto que National Geographic esté empeñada en cambiar el nombre tradicional del Golfo. En su atlas, mantiene el término de Golfo Pérsico, pero coloca entre paréntesis el otro nombre y explica por qué:

We included "Arabian Gulf," in parentheses, as a secondary or alternate name on the atlas plates that show the gulf at the largest, most detailed scale. That's because we recognize that some countries and organizations use "Arabian Gulf" as their official or preferred name.

We do, and will continue, to recognize "Persian Gulf" as the primary name. But we want people searching for "Arabian Gulf" to be able to find what they're looking for and not to confuse it with the nearby Arabian Sea.